Consolidating democracy prerequsites

13 Mar

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This paper contends that the impasse to democratic-consolidation in Russia is determined by structural factors, e.g.

Democratic consolidation is the process by which a new democracy matures, in a way that means it is unlikely to revert to authoritarianism without an external shock.

The notion is contested because it is not clear that there is anything substantive that happens to new democracies that secures their continuation beyond those factors that simply make it 'more likely' that they continue as democracies.

They can both enable consolidation, or vice-versa, as in the case of President Vladimir Putin’s Russia, they can create authoritarian regressions, undermining consolidation.

Through primary research into the rhetorical/policy position of key political elites, this paper posits that elite behaviour is accountable for the failure of Russian democracy, due in part to the development of the “managed-democracy”.